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An intermediate level English resource on  British life 

London: THE LORD MAYOR'S SHOW

The oldest annual parade in the world takes place in London. But since it takes place in the middle of November, at a time when there are not too many tourists in the capital, the "Lord Mayor's Show" is an event that is not very well known outside the city.

The first Lord Mayor's Show took place in the year 1215, after King John gave Londoners the right to choose their own representative. Like today's event, it was a fairly exciting procession, during which London's new "Lord Mayor" was "shown" to the people of the city.

Originally, the new Lord Mayor had to present himself to the Law Courts for approval by the King, and to swear loyalty. Today, the Show is always attended by representatives of the Crown.

For many years, until 1856 the procession included making part of the journey by barge along the Thames. Now the Show winds its way through the streets of the City.

Lord Mayor's show It is usually the biggest free show of the year for Londoners; and for many years, it has been an exotic or spectacular occasion. In the year 1602, for example, the ordinary people of London were able to see a lion and a camel in the procession. Most people had never seen these strange animals before!

The Lord Mayor

In the olden days, when "London" was all contained within the walls of the "City", the Lord Mayor was a powerful figure. He was the representative of the people of London, a man who was chosen by the most important people in the city; he was not appointed by the King.

Today, the "City" has a population of about 6,000 people - less than 0.1% of the population of the modern city of "Greater London". And as far as this modern London is concerned, the Lord Mayor of the City is not a very important person. For instance, he is far less important than the directly elected "Mayor of London", who is really in charge of the capital's affairs.

On the other hand, the Lord Mayor is a representative of the "City", the most important financial centre in Europe; and although many of his functions are ceremonial, he also plays an important role in the world of international business.

Naturally, the Lord Mayor's Show is has little to do with business. London's corporations may pay for it, but it is a show for the people.

THE MODERN SHOW

the Lord Mayor's show In today's Lord Mayor's Show, the new mayor rides in his ceremonial carriage at the head of a long procession of vehicles, floats and marching bands.

Last year's procession was 4 kilometres long, and was made up of 146 different groups, including 70 floats, 2,000 military personnel, and over 3,000 civilians, as well as hundreds of horses. Among the participants were many of the City of London's institutions, as well as charities and many of the big companies that are based in the city.

Naturally, the City of London is rich, as are most of the big companies that work there; this means that the Lord Mayor's Show is not only one of the biggest annual parades in the world; it is also one of the most spectacular, as firms and institutions compete with each other to produce the most exciting and original floats.

Dominic Reid, the man in charge of the Show, says: "Every year we try to beat last year's show for spectacle."

Last year's show finished with the biggest firework display in Britain. This year, over half a million visitors are expected to line the city's streets for the special Millennium show. Everyone will be hoping that the rain holds off!


Word guide
WORD GUIDE
barge: boat - beat: do better than - carriage: coach pulled by horses - charity: charitable association -choose: select, nominate - event: happening, occasion - float: decorated vehicle - for approval: to be approved, accepted - hold off: be absent - is attended by ...: .... are present - law court: court of justice - on the other hand: however - swear: promise - winds: turns (the verb wind rhymes with mind) .


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The Lord Mayor's show



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Comprehension: divide your class into pairs or small groups, and have each pair/group make up a dozen questions, to which the answers can be found in this article. Then put two pairs/groups together, and make them quiz each other.



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Originally published in Freeway, the intermediate level English newsmagazine.
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