level English resource.
in the Sea?
Earth is getting hotter, and the level of the sea is rising. This is
going to cause massive problems for many seaside cities; and London is
one of them.
Many parts of London will
be under water by 2060, if nothing is done to protect them.
The Thames Barrier...Will this still be enough to protect London in
London on the Thames, yes;
but London in the Sea? No
thank you! Yet this could happen before 2060,
are taken quite quickly, to prevent
As a result of global warming, the sea level
the south east
corner of England is expected to rise by 54 cms in just half a century
scientists now say that many parts of London will be at serious risk from flooding
by the sea
within 50 years.
It's not all of London that is in danger; just some parts to
east of the city. And they won't be under water all the time; just when
there are very high tides
The low-lying suburbs
beside the Thames in the East End of London are already protected from
high tides by a massive barrier that stretches right across the river;
but more defences will be needed along the banks
of the Thames to protect a larger area to the north of the river, and
further east. And no-one really knows if the existing Thames
Barrier will still be enough to protect London, even in 2050.
The Thames barrier was opened in 1982. During the
first ten years of its life, it was closed, on average
just once a year. Some years it was never closed at all. Between 2000
and 2013, it was closed an average of almost six times a year; and in
the year 2013-2014, it was closed 50 times.... in twelve
The level of the sea is getting steadily
higher, that is certain.
Other towns and low lying areas in the east of England are
similar problems; and it will take a lot of time, and cost a lot of
money, to protect them.
London floods in 2007
Of course, there have always been occasional very high tides.
thousand years ago, there were big floods around London; and in 1953,
before the Thames Barrier was built, over 300 people lost their lives
in "the big flood"; but today the dangers are bigger. There
people, more roads, more infrastructure
In the past, people did not build in places where there was a risk of
flooding. Today, in southeast England, land is so expensive, that
people build everywhere – even in places that are liable to be
Scientists also say that global warming will lead to warmer
drier summers in the south east of England. This will cause major
changes in vegetation, and several species
of native wildlife will not be able to survive. Wet in winter, hot in
summer: will that be London in fifty years' time ?
London faces big problems in the next fifty years;
but London is a rich city, which can pay to build the
that will be needed. London's difficulties will be very small, compared
to the problems that will be faced in some of the world's poorer
counties, like Bangla Desh.
measures, actions - prevent :
stop - half a
50 years - to flood:
to cover the land with water
: the rise and fall of the ocean - suburb
of a city - bank of a river:
the side of a river - average
: medium - steady
: regular, constant - infrastructure
: buildings, roads, services - are liable to be
: will perhaps be - species
: variety, sort
Return to Linguapress site index
for A4 printing from the Firefox
© Linguapress. Do not copy
this document to any other website
Copying permitted for personal study, or by teachers for use with their
London in the
Replace all the missing
prepositions in this extract from the article. You will need
to use the following prepositions
across along around as
beside by by by
of of on
London ____ the Thames, yes; but London ____ the Sea? No thank
you! But this could happen ________ 2060,
steps are taken quite quickly, to prevent it.
result _____ global warming, the sea level ________ the south east
corner of England is expected to rise ____ 54 cms _____ just half a
century! And scientists now say that many parts of London will be _____
serious risk _____ flooding _____ the sea ________ 50 years.
It's not all of London that is in danger; just some parts ____ the east
_____ the city. And they won't be ______ water all the time; just when
there are very high tides.
The low-lying suburbs
_________ the Thames in the East End of London are already protected
_______ high tides _____ a massive barrier that stretches right _______
the river; but more defences will be needed ________ the banks of the
Thames to protect a larger area to the north of the river, and further
Pair work: sketches.
It is 2050, and large parts of eastern London are undefr water. Have
pupils, working in pairs, imagine an interview between a
journalist and Mayor of London.
EFL teachers: Help develop this resource by contributing extra teaching
materials or exercises.
copyright Linguapress 2015.
Revised 2015 from a shorter item originally published in Freeway, the
Republication on other websites or in print is not authorised