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New Life for Big Ben

It's the most famous clock in the world and it's over 160 years old. In 2017 work began to completely renovate the clock and the tower, and Big Ben will be back in service, as good as new, in 2021.
    
Big Ben
Big Ben and other London icons
          Every day, on British radio stations and on television, you can hear it. It gives the time before BBC radio news programmes, and on the BBC World Service. And you can hear it and see it every evening before ITV's "News at Ten". The chimes of Big Ben are recognised by almost everyone in Britain, and by millions of people all over the world.
    If you have been to London, you have certainly seen "Big Ben." It's very difficult to miss, standing almost 100 metres high beside the Thames, next to the Houses of Parliament.
    But have you actually seen "Big Ben"? Probably not!
    The name "Big Ben" is generally used to refer to the big clock tower itself; but in reality, "Big Ben" is just the name of the biggest bell in the tower ,  the bell that chimes on the hour.
    The famous clock tower was built in the 1850's, after the Houses of Parliament were burned down.
    The new clock was to be the biggest in the world, and extremely accurate. Lots of people thought that this would be impossible; a very big clock, they thought, could not be very accurate.
    In fact, they were wrong; and the clock has always kept time almost perfectly.

    The original "Big Ben" bell weighed 16 tons, and was made in the North of England. However, after it had reached London, but before it had been put in place, it cracked! A new bell had to be made to replace it!
    The original bell was therefore melted down (in London) and a new Big Ben was made, weighing "only" 13 tons! This bell was put in place in July 1859... but after two months it cracked. Experts decided that the hammer was too big; and after the bell was mended, and a smaller hammer was put in place, Big Ben began chiming again in 1862.
    Since then, there have been several incidents. Once the clock stopped when a pot of paint got stuck between its hands! And in 1976, the clock stopped for 26 days, when a part of the mechanism broke.... after 114 years of service!
    Between 1983 and 1985, the clock tower was completely cleaned and restored; but thirty years later, engineers decided that the tower and the clock were both in need of urgent repairs. Work began in 2017, and unless there are some unexpected problems, Big Ben will begin a new life in the year 2021.

BIG BEN'S SHINING FACES


    At night, the clock faces are illuminated from inside. Originally they were lit up by gas lamps; then, for most of the twentieth century, by electricity. Now the faces are illuminated with  "green" low-energy light-bulbs. Of course, the green light bulbs produce white light: the faces are not literally green!
 

Word guide
WORD GUIDE
to chime, a chime: the noise made by a bell - to miss: to not see - actually: really - accu­rate: precise, exact - to weigh: to have a weight of - to crack: to split - to melt down: to make something become liquid - hammer: object which is used to hit things with - mend: repair - to get stuck: to become fixed


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Student Worksheet

New Life for Big Ben

Read the article, and select the correct version of each of these sentences.


  1. Although it is very big, Big Ben is also very actual / accurate / clever.
  2. Big Ben stands beside the BBC building / the ITV studio / the Houses of Parliament.
  3. Big Ben was built in the 1850s before / while / after / the Houses of Parliament burned down
  4. The present Big Ben bell was made in the North of England / in London / in July 1859.
  5. The clock has occasionally / often / never stopped.
  6.  Big Ben will begin a new life in 2021 if / after / unless there are some new problems  


The article contains some sentences in the active voice and others in the passive.
Rewrite information from the article, making factual sentences beginning as below. In each case you will need to rewite a passive sentence in the active, or an active sentence in the passive.

 Every day, Big Ben can....
    Almost everyone in Britain .....
    A fire destroyed .....
    They had to melt.....
    They had to mend....
    Gas lamps .....
    White light .....


This teaching resource is © copyright Linguapress 1994 renewed 2020.
Fully revised and extended 2020 . Originally published in Horizon, the Low-intermediate level English newsmagazine.
Republication on other websites or in print is not authorised



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Intermediate level EFL resource
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CEFR  LEVEL :  B1-B2
IELTS Level :  5 - 6
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Grade level: 6

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