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Team sports, American style

In many ways, Americans and Europeans do the same things, have the same interests, have similar lifestyles; but in “team sports”, America and Europe are two different continents.
american football     Europeans play football, and Americans play football; but surprisingly they do not play the same game. American football is played by men (and occasionally women) wearing helmets and protective clothing; the ball  is oval. European football is played with a round ball, by people wearing just socks, shorts, a shirt, and football boots.

We Americans have another popular outdoor game too; baseball - a classic American game, that is only played seriously in North America. In Britain, a few people play an "ancestor" of baseball, called "rounders" - but it is not a popular sport.

In today's "global village",  lifestyles have become international. Often the American model has spread to other countries of the world. American sports, however, have not spread all over the world, as American films and American fashions have. On the contrary, European sports have been more successful internationally. Indeed European football is slowly developing in the USA (where we call it "soccer").

In motor racing too, though it is not really a team sport, the USA is different. In Europe, South America, Japan and other countries (including Canada), "motor racing" means "Formula 1"; in America we have IndyCar racing.
The Indianapolis 500 is like a Formula 1 race, but different. Several famous Formula 1 drivers - including Nigel Mansell and Jacques Villeneuve - have won the race. On the other hand, no American IndyCar drivers have ever been Formula 1 champions. Nevertheless, Americans are beginning to discover Formula 1 racing, since the first American Grand Prix.

Besides these big sports, America of course has basketball - perhaps the most successful "export". Invented at Springfield College, Massachusetts, in 1891, Basketball is quite certainly an "American game". Although it is not as big in Europe as in the USA, basketball has become much more popular in other countries than any other American team sport.


The answer is simple. Until the 1960's, team sports were not played on a global scale. In Europe, people played European games, and in North America we played American games. The only real "global" sports were individual sports, such as golf and tennis.

A hundred years ago, individual rich Americans could travel to Europe on holiday, and play these two games. But whole teams of sportsmen did not often travel around the world, it was too difficult and slow!
The first worldwide sports competition was the Olympic Games; but originally the Olympics were only concerned with athletics; they did not include the wide variety of sports that they now cover.

So as far as team sports are concerned, America has grown up with its own tradition; we love our "football" and our baseball and our basketball. We don't mind if these sports are not popular in other countries. That way, we can organise the "World Series" baseball championship, knowing that a US team will almost always win. From time to time, a Canadian team wins.... but they're North Americans too, after all.


besides: in addition to - don't mind: are not worried - helmet: hard hat - on a global scale: all over the world - were only concerned with: only included.

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Student worksheet

Sports American style

Interactive exercise :  complete the following sentences in your own words, using information from the article. Add as many words as you want between the head prompt and the tail words
.  The "write here" space will expand as you write

Helmets  American football.
Baseball  Europe.
Americans  soccer.
Nigel Mansell  the Indianapolis 500.
All over the world  basketball.
The world series  American team.


 Use this article as a pretext for exploring sporting vocabulary: how many words of sporting vocabulary can students find in the article?    

  Note the repeated use of the present simple passive form is played towards the beginning of this article. Students may find it useful to use passive structures in some of the sentences to complete in the exercise above.

  This text is also a good illustration of use of the present perfect tense, as in have become, has spread, etc. For a clear explanation of this tense and its uses, with more examples, see A Descriptive Grammar of English section 1.4.3. 

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Linguapress intermediate English reading
Level:  intermediate
Target readers : teenagers, young adults
Level -  intermediate.
Flesch-Kincaid  scores
Reading ease level:
50  Plain English
Grade level: 9.9

CEF level: B2
IELTS Level  5

A selection of other resources in graded English
from Linguapress
Selected pages
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Short story - One foggy night
Sport: The story of football and rugby
Big red London buses
USA: Who was Buffalo Bill?
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Advanced level reading :
Charles Babbage, the father of the computer
Who killed Martin Luther King?
The story of the jet plane
London's Notting Hill Carnival
More: More advanced reading texts  
Selected grammar pages
Verbs in English
Noun groups in English
Word order in English
Reported questions in English
Language and style 
Word stress in English
The short story of English

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